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特别推荐第六期:福禄寿康花钱

来源:未知 时间:2020-08-18 19:24:10

花钱是民间对所有不作货币流通钱的统称(俗成压胜钱或厌胜钱),在我国有着非常悠久的历史,历朝历代的官民们都期盼着一年四季风调雨顺、平平安安、吉祥如意。因而在民间,形成了官铸或者民铸各式各样的花钱,生肖钱、咒语钱、吉语钱等等。吉祥如意的花钱品种很多,大多具有祝福的含义,因此赠送花钱是有考究的。什么用途赠送什么图文的花钱,会具有不同的深远意义。

Spending money is a general term for all the money that is not used in currency circulation (commonly known as "pressure wins money" or "dislikes money"), which has a very long history in China. Officials and people of all dynasties are looking forward to good weather, peace and good luck throughout the year. Therefore, in the folk, there are various kinds of money, such as Zodiac money, incantation money, auspicious language money and so on. There are many kinds of auspicious money, most of which have the meaning of blessing, so giving money is elegant. What is the purpose of giving away what graphics and text, will have different far-reaching significance.

花钱源于汉代,花钱在早期使用的时候主要是中国民间自娱自乐的一种玩钱,这种钱币由于不是流通钱,因此它的材质大都比较粗糙,中国民间把这种钱俗称为“花钱”。其虽然具有钱币的形态,但不作流通使用,是钱币中的“非正用品”。

Spending money from the han dynasty, spending money in the early use is mainly a kind of Chinese folk fun to play money, this kind of money is not circulating money, so its material is mostly rough, the Chinese people commonly known as "money". Although it has the form of money, but not for circulation use, is the money in the "non-positive articles".

 

中国民间花钱的种类繁多,诸如开炉、镇库、馈赠、祝福、玩赏、戏作、配饰、生肖等等都要铸钱,这种“钱”,其实是专供某种需要的辟邪品、吉利品、纪念品。

Chinese people spend money in a variety of ways, such as open furnace, town Treasury, gifts, blessings, toys, plays, accessories, zodiac, etc., to cast money, this kind of "money", in fact, is for a certain need for the exorcism of evil goods, auspicious products, souvenirs.

其中“吉语钱”是比较普遍的一类花钱。主要以“长命富贵”、“福德长寿”、“加官进禄”、“天下太平”等吉语为内容,这同时也反应了中国传统文化的渗透力。

Among them "auspicious language money" is a relatively common kind of money. It mainly contains auspicious words such as "long life and wealth", "ford and longevity", "adding officials and entering into wealth", and "world peace", which also reflects the penetration of traditional Chinese culture.

 

清代每逢新君登基更改年号,各钱局将要开炉鼓铸新年号钱时,为郑重其事,先以上等铜料精铸一批带有纪念性质的大钱,这些钱即所谓的“开炉钱”。

Qing dynasty whenever the new emperor changes the year number, the money bureau will open the furnace drum casting New Year number money, to be serious, such as the above copper material casting a batch of large money with commemorative nature, these money is called "open the furnace money".

 

此枚“福禄寿康”背双龙花钱。正面内圈“福禄寿康”四字,文字楷体,背双龙,黄铜质,色泽偏黄带金光,图文工整端庄,尽显皇家尊贵气派。

This piece of "Fu Lu Shou Kang" carries double dragons to spend money. The front inner ring "Fu Lu Shou Kang" four characters, the text regular script, back double dragon, brass, color partial yellow with gold light, neat and dignified graphics and text, showing the royal dignity.

 

从八九十年代开始,随着花钱收藏的普及,人们对花钱开始重新认识。花钱以其较高的艺术价值,丰富吉祥的内涵,以及和古钱千丝万缕的关系,成为中国古代民俗文物中的一个独特的版块。花钱中的字文图案千姿百态,各具姿容,称它为古代“铜版画”并不过分。

Starting in the 1980s and 1990s, with the popularity of money collection, people began to understand money again. Spending money with its high artistic value, rich auspicious connotation, as well as the ancient money inextricably linked to the relationship, become a unique section of the ancient Chinese folk cultural relics. Money in a variety of patterns of Chinese characters, each with beauty, it is not too much to call it the ancient "etchings."


 

花钱和古钱的联系,不但体现在它们形制的相似,而且体现在它们来源、工艺等方面的紧密联系。正因为花钱有多种亮点,花钱收藏队伍中不但包括了古钱收藏者,而且也包括了古文化爱好者,艺术品爱好者等等。

The connection between spending money and ancient money is not only reflected in the similarity of their forms and systems, but also in the close connection of their sources and techniques. Just because spend money to have a variety of window, spend money to collect not only included ancient money collector in the team, but also included ancient culture lover, art lover and so on.

 

 

 

 

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