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特别推荐第六期:唐代越窑青釉笔洗

来源:未知 时间:2020-08-18 19:21:58

越窑是中国古代南方著名的青瓷窑,汉族传统制瓷工艺的珍品之一。窑所在地主要在今浙江省上虞、余姚、慈溪、宁波等地。生产年代自东汉至宋。发展至唐朝越窑工艺最精湛时期,居全国之冠。唐朝是中国古代前所未有的开放,各民族文化首次大规模的融合,在当时有饮茶、诗文、音律风尚,其对越窑的影响很大,其瓷质造型,釉色之美,深受文人墨客的喜爱。

Yue Kiln is a famous celadon kiln in the south of China in ancient times. It is one of the treasures of traditional porcelain making technology of Han nationality. The kilns are mainly located in Shangyu, Yuyao, Cixi, Ningbo, etc. It was produced from the Eastern Han Dynasty to the Song Dynasty. The development of Yue Kiln in Tang Dynasty is the most exquisite period, ranking the first in China. The Tang Dynasty was an unprecedented opening in ancient China, and the first large-scale integration of various ethnic cultures. At that time, there were tea drinking, poetry, and temperament, which had a great impact on Yue Kiln. Its porcelain shape and glaze color were deeply loved by literati.

 

在唐、五代十国时期,越窑青瓷,个别也称“秘色窑”。在越州境内(今浙江慈溪上林湖滨湖地区),故名。其所烧青瓷代表了当时青瓷的最高水平。发现窑址已达二三十处,以鳖唇山东晋时期遗址最早。颜况“越泥似玉之甄”,许浑“越甄秋水澄”,皮日休“邢人与越人,皆能造瓷器,圆似月魂堕,轻如云魄起”,陆龟蒙“九秋风露越窑开,夺得千峰翠色来”等,皆为文人雅客对越窑的颂喻。五代吴越时越窑瓷器已“臣庶不得用”,作为吴越王钱氏御用及贡品。进贡瓷器动辄万件;入宋以后,贡瓷数量有增无已,一次进贡有多达十四万件者。越窑在南方浙江省绍兴,主要制造青瓷;邢窑在北方河北省邢台,主要制造白瓷。越窑的青瓷明彻如冰,晶莹温润如玉,色泽是青中带绿与茶青色相近。

In Tang, Five Dynasties and ten states period, Yue Kiln celadon, also known as "secret color kiln". In Yuezhou territory (today's Zhejiang Cixi Shanglin lake area), hence the name. Its celadon represents the highest level of celadon at that time. Twenty or thirty kiln sites have been found, the earliest of which was biezui in the Jin Dynasty. Yan Kuang's "more mud like jade's Zhen", Xu Hun's "more Zhen's autumn water's clear", PI Rixiu's "both Xing people and Yue people can make porcelain, round as the moon's soul falls, as light as the cloud's soul rises", Lu guimeng's "nine autumn wind and dew, Yue Kiln's opening, winning thousand peaks of green color", etc., are all eulogized by literati's elegant guest. During the Five Dynasties of Wu and Yue, Yue Kiln porcelain had been "forbidden to be used by officials and common people", and was used as a tribute by Qian's family, the king of Wu and Yue. After the Song Dynasty, the number of tribute porcelains increased, with as many as 140000 pieces at a time. Yue Kiln mainly made celadon in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province in the south, while Xingtai kiln in northern Hebei Province mainly made white porcelain. The Celadon of Yue Kiln is as clear as ice, crystal clear and warm as jade. Its color is green with green, similar to tea blue.

笔洗是一种传统工艺品,属于文房四宝笔、墨、纸、砚之外的一种文房用具,是用来盛水洗笔的器皿,以形制乖巧、种类繁多、雅致精美而广受青睐,传世的笔洗中,有很多是艺术珍品。笔洗有很多种质地,包括瓷、玉、玛瑙、珐琅、象牙和犀角等,基本都属于名贵材质。

Brush washing is a kind of traditional handicraft, which belongs to a kind of stationery utensil besides the four treasures of the study pen, ink, paper and inkstone. It is used to hold water for washing pens. It is widely favored for its clever shape, various types, elegant and exquisite. Among the handed down brush washing, many of them are art treasures. There are many varieties of brush washing, including porcelain, jade, agate, enamel, ivory and rhinoceros horn, which are basically precious materials.

 

 

此唐代越窑青釉笔洗圆口内敛,弧腹,平底,色泽青釉,造型古朴,工艺线条典雅,釉色具越窑特征,器型有唐代风格,其独特的造型在当时应也是独具一格,其未来升值空间巨大,是不可多得一件藏品。

The blue glaze of Yue Kiln in Tang Dynasty is characterized by simple shape, elegant craft line, and Tang style. Its unique shape is unique at that time. Its future appreciation space is huge, and it is a rare collection.

 

 

 

 

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